Answer the following questions in about 10 lines (100-120 words).
1) “All art is quite useless”. Explain this aphorism from the preface to The Picture of Dorian Gray in the light of Wildes theory of art.
Wildes theory of art is the aesthetic one: he is convinced that art mustnt have an aim, it isnt moral or immoral, its art for arts sake”; this is true for him about all art-works, such as books and pictures; they cant influence anyone in any way, they are just well or badly made. His theory is partly drawn from Keats, who worshipped beauty and believed that its the only truth we can know; Wilde elaborates his thought and in his work The picture of Dorian Gray” art gives pleasure and Dorian, its protagonist, lives searching pleasure; his life was art itself.
2) What is meant by Victorian compromise? How did the publication in instalments influence novel writing?
The Victorian age is contradictory and full of paradoxes in England: its a period of growth of the country and faith in progress because of the first industrial revolution, but the conditions of the lower classes are appalling, so a large number of work-houses are built; there is great sense of duty, but its kept with repression, especially in the schools; respectability in society is an important value of the upper classes. The reading public increases, so novelists publish their works in instalments; consequently the plots arent united, the story is told in episodes and the characters are exaggerated, similar to caricatures; the whole novel produces an effect of climax and this techniques help the reader follow the story and keep his interest high.