Shakespeare


SIMULAZIONE TERZA PROVA

Hamlet by W. Shakespeare

1. Write the plot of the tragedy (about 70/80 words)

2. The soliloquy can be divided into four main points:

Definitions

Lines

 

1. definition of the main issue

 

 

 

2. choice of one of the two alternatives

 

 

 

3. problem arising from the choice

 

 

 

 

4. conclusion

 

Match the definitions with the corresponding lines.

3. Hamlet refers to the evils connected with living. List them below under three headings

Natural

Interpersonal

Social

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

4. In the soliloquy Hamlet uses metaphors. Find them out (at least 3) and explain them using your own words.

Metaphors

Meaning

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  

5. Explain the moral dilemma Hamlet gives voice to in the soliloquy

6. Briefly describe Hamlets character (about 40 words)

7. Identify the expression Hamlet uses to refer to life and death and insert them in the following table 

LIFE

DEATH

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

8. Explain what is Hamlets moral dilemma and the pros and cons of the alternatives he is thinking about.

 

Act III – Scene I

Enter Hamlet

To be or not to be, that is the question:

Whether ‘tis nobler in the mind to suffer

The slings and arrows of outrageous fortune,

Or to take arms against a sea of troubles,

And by opposing end them? To die, to sleep –

No more; and by a sleep to say we end

The heart-ache, and the thousand natural shocks

That flesh is heir to; ‘tis a consummation

Devoutly to be wished. To die, to sleep –

To sleep, perchance to dream, ay, theres the rub;

For in that sleep of death what dreams may come

When we have shuffled off this mortal coil,

Must give us pause; theres the respect

That makes calamity of so long life.

For who would bear the whips and scorns of time,

Thoppressors wrong, the prouds man contumely,

The pangs of despised love, the laws delay,

The insolence of office and the spurns

That patient merit of thunworthy takes

When he himself might his quietus make

With a bare bodkin? Who would fardels bear,

To grunt and sweat under a weary life,

But that the dread of something after death,

The undiscovered country from whose bourn

No traveller returns, puzzles the will,

And make us rather bear those ills we have,

Than fly to others that we know not of?

Thus conscience does make cowards of us all,

And thus the native hue of resolution

Is sicklied oer with the pale cast of thought,

And enterprises of great pitch and moment

With this regard their currents turn awry.

And lose the name of action.

 

To be or not to be, that is the question:
Whether ‘tis nobler in the mind to suffer
The slings(1) and arrows of outrageous fortune,
Or to take arms against a sea of troubles,
And by opposing end them? To die, to sleep –
No more; and by a sleep to say we end
The heart-ache, and the thousand natural shocks
That flesh is heir to (2) ; ‘tis a consummation (3)
Devoutly to be wished. To die, to sleep –
To sleep, perchance (4) to dream, ay, theres the rub(5);
For in that sleep of death what dreams may come
When we have shuffled off this mortal coil (6),
Must give us pause; theres (7) the respect
That makes calamity of so long life.
For who would bear the whips and scorns of time(8),
Thoppressors wrong, the prouds man contumely,(9)
The pangs (10) of despised love, the laws delay,
The insolence of office(11)  and the spurns (12)
That patient merit of thunworthy takes (13)
When he himself might his quietus make
With a bare bodkin? Who would fardels bear,
To grunt and sweat under a weary life,
But that the dread (14) of something after death,
The undiscovered country from whose bourn (15)
No traveller returns, puzzles the will,
And make us rather bear those ills we have,
Than fly to others that we know not of?
Thus conscience does make cowards of us all,
And thus the native hue of resolution (16)
Is sicklied oer with the pale cast(17) of thought,
And enterprises of great pitch (18) and moment
With this regard their currents turn awry.(19)
And lose the name of action.
 
 
(1)      colpi di fionda
 
 
 
 
 
(2) che è l’eredità della carne
(3)               l’epilogo
 
(4)               forse
(5)               guaio
 
 
(6)               eliminato questo guscio mortale
(7)               ecco
 
(8)               perché chi sopporterebbe le frustate e i dispetti
(9)               arroganza
(10)            affanni
(11)             chi  ha il potere
(12)            disprezzo
(13)            subisce da parte di quello che è immeritevole
 
 
(14)            se non perché il timore
(15)            confine
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(16)            il colorito originale della decisione
(17)            sammala nella pallida influenza
(18)            importanza
(19)            falliscono