SCUOLA SECONDARIA DI PRIMO GRADO “GIUSEPPE CAPUA” MELICUCCA’
ALUNNA: VITTORIA ZIRINO CLASSE: TERZA F TESINA ESAME CONCLUSIVO PRIMO CICLO, TITOLO:
LA MAFIA E LA SOPRAFFAZIONE DEI PIU’ DEBOLI
Until 1969, the year of publication of Mario Puzo’s novel, The Godfather, most Americans were unaware of the existence of particular associations, one for each metropolis of the country, which boasted the name “Cosa Nostra”; so, they were completely unaware of the knowledge of these congregations who controlled practically all illegal trafficking, and not only, of the United States.
The novel, in addition to becoming a global best seller, had the power to awaken consciences and make known to the whole country that these groups existed, capable of managing budgets as a multinational and consequently also conditioning parts of political and judicial power. Mario Puzo had an easy game in drafting the book: born and raised in New York by immigrant parents, he treasured the experience he had lived having been in contact with a certain reality and having directly known certain characters who were the starting point for the characterizations of the work itself. Characterizations that revolve around the protagonist, Don Vito Corleone, the Godfather.
Of Sicilian origins, he arrived “picciotto” in the United States, first shop boy then truck driver, harassed by his compatriots, he decides to react and become “respectful” to build his own empire. All in about 60 years of history where the “family” grows not only in parental terms but also with affiliations of “honorable kids”. It is said that the author took inspiration for the drafting from Don Vito Genovese, boss of the bosses around the 1940s, and mediator with the US military for the landing in Sicily in 1943. The Godfather is a novel with an epic structure, it tells the evolution of the mafia phenomenon in the United States, not disdaining to draw on historical facts.
All against the backdrop of New York, a symbolic city of immigration from Europe but also a sprawling metropolis so as to be governed by five “families” with whom the protagonist will have a great deal to do.
The Godfather film: Given the echo and the literary success, cinema could not remain indifferent and, thanks to Francis Ford Coppola, the novel was first transposed on the big screen in 1972 and then continued with two other productions respectively in 1974 and in 1990; productions in which Mario Puzo collaborated actively in the role of screenwriter.
It is curious to note that historical references are made explicit at most in Part II and Part III with real names
and facts. This is to emphasize how much organized crime could have influenced institutions not only in the Beautiful Country.
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