|Reform Act – 1832||Abolished rotten boroughs. The Act granted seats in the House of Commons to large cities that sprang up during the Industrial Revolution, and took away seats from the “rotten boroughs”-those with very small populations.|
|Factory Act- 1833||Prevented children from being employed more than forty-eight hours a week and no person under 18 could work more than sixty-nine hours a week.|
|Ten HoursAct -1847||Limited the working hours to ten a day for all workers|
|Poor Law Amendment Act – 1834||It refused outdoor relief to those people who could not support themselves by admitting them to a workhouse|
|Free trade||Abolition of tariffs on imports and exports. Repeal of Corn Laws|
|Chartism||Movement which sprang from popular discontent both with the conditions of workers and with the 1832 Reform Act, which had given the right to vote to so few.
6 points: universal adult male suffrage – equal electorate districts – the right for a man without property to ba an MP – secret ballot – annual gneral election and payment of members of parliament.
All these demnads were rejected and the movement slowly died.
It was taken in 1851. Goods from all all over the world were exhibited. It was housed in the Crystal Palace in Hyde Park.
|1839 – 1842||Opium War”
In order to protect its trade routes against other nations Britain started the so called Opium War” . Eventually Britain obtained access to five Chinese ports and the control of Hong King
|1850||Britain began to face the threat of Russian Expansion. The British support of Turkey led to the outbreak of war in the Crimea (1853 – 1856). Russia lost|
|1857||India crisis. The native soldiers threatened British rule in India.
Cause of the discontent: British had revolutioned local life by redistributing the territory into new administrative units and by imposing their style of life. As a consequence the Government of India was transferred to the Crown directly and Queen Victoria became Empress of India”
|1882||When the Egyptian nationalists brought down the British ruler, Britain invaded Egypt. Egypt got independence only in 1956 when the Suez Canal was nationalised by Egypt.|
|1884||Invasion and take-over of Sudan. With the pretext of bringing civilisation to the Africans the British succeded in seizing large areas of the African Continent.|
|1899 -1902||In this period Britain was at war in South Africa against the Dutch settlers and the Boers; the stakes were high: gold in Transvaal and diamonds at Kimberly. Eventually Britain won.|
|1832||Vote to almost all male members of middle classes|
|1867||Vote to all settled male tenants|
|1884||Vote to males in rural and mining areas|
|1918||Universal male suffrage and vote to women over 30|
|1928||Vote to all adult women|
|1969||Minimum voting age from 21 to 18|